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History of On-Orbit Satellite Fragmentations

The History of On-Orbit Satellite Fragmentations provides some historical information about early study of satellite fragmentation and the effects on the large Earth satellite population.

About About
Orbital Debris  Measurements


Measurements of near-Earth orbital debris are accomplished by conducting ground-based and space-based observations of the orbital debris environment. Data is acquired using ground-based radars and optical telescopes, space-based telescopes, analysis of spacecraft surfaces returned from space, and ground-based experiments, such as DebriSat. Some important data sources have been the U.S. Space Surveillance Network, the Haystack X-Band Radar, and returned surfaces from the Solar Max, the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF), the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and the Space Shuttle spacecraft. The data provide validation for the environment models and identify the presence of new sources.

LDEF Retrieval
Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) was left in low Earth orbit (LEO) for 5.7 years before being retrieved by space shuttle Columbia in January, 1990.
Haystack Radar Dome Haystack X-Band Radar - MIT Lincoln Laboratory in Lexington, MA



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Last Updated: 07/22/2009