Orbital Debris Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 Radiator
Large, visible MMOD impacts on the WFPC2 radiator. The largest damage area is about 1 cm across. Red circles: features identified from the 2002 HST Servicing Mission 3B image survey. Green circles: new features identified from the 2009 HST Servicing Mission 4 image survey. (NASA Photo/s125e006995)
The STS-125 Atlantis astronauts retrieved the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Wide field Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) during a very successful and final servicing mission to the HST in May 2009. The radiator attached to WFPC2 has dimensions of 2.2 m by 0.8 m. Its outermost layer is a 4-mm-thick aluminum, curved plate coated with white thermal paint. This radiator has been exposed to space since the deployment of WFPC2 in 1993. Due to its large surface area and long exposure time, the radiator serves as a unique witness plate for the micrometeoroid and orbital debris (MMOD) environment between 560 and 620 km altitude. The NASA Orbital Debris Program Office is leading an effort, with full support from the NASA Hypervelocity Impact Technology Facility, NASA Meteoroid Environment Office, and NASA Astromaterials Acquisition and Curation Office, to conduct an MMOD impact survey of the WFPC2 radiator this summer. The goal is to use the data to validate or improve the near-Earth MMOD environment definition. This effort is also very well supported by the HST Development Project Office located at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
A view of the HST after it was captured and locked to the Atlantis cargo bay during the 2009 servicing mission. (NASA Photo/s125e007066)