Report on Space Debris (Adobe PDF
is a report published by the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee (STSC) of the United Nations on space debris in 1999. This report summarizes the reviews within the STSC between 1996 and 1998 on orbital debris measurements, modeling, risk assessments, and mitigation
Government Orbital Debris Mitigation Standard Practices (Adobe
PDF 117 kb)
United States Government has formally stated in this document its objectives and practices of limiting the amount of space debris. The four objectives are (1) control of debris released during normal operations, (2) minimizing debris generated by accidental explosions, (3) selection of safe flight profile and operational configuration, and (4) postmission disposal of space
of On-Orbit Satellite Fragmentations (Adobe
PDF 2,251 kb)
The 14th edition of this document was published in 2008. This document summarizes all known satellite and upper stage fragmentations prior to 1 August 2007.
Available information includes breakup date, breakup altitude, number of debris generated, and references to each event. Gabbard diagrams for many breakup
clouds are also included in the document.
Debris: A Technical Assessment (available
on-line through the National Research Council)
This is a document published by U.S. National Research Council
in 1995. It examines the methods used to characterize the
orbital debris environment and assesses the hazards a debris
population poses to spacecraft. Recommendations to improve
debris research and the protection of spacecraft and specific
recommendations on methods to reduce future debris creation
are also included in the document.
Report on Orbital Debris (Adobe PDF
document was published by the National Science and Technology Council Committee on Transportation Research and Development in 1995. It contains an up-to-date portrait of the orbital debris measurement, modeling, and mitigation efforts and a set of recommendations outlining specific steps necessary to minimize the potential hazards posed
by orbital debris.
Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines (Adobe
PDF 99 kb)
This document describes the guidelines adopted by the 11 members of the Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) in 2002
and slightly revised in 2007. The guidelines were developed via consensus within the IADC, with an emphasis on cost effectiveness that
can be considered during planning and design
of spacecraft and launch vehicles in order to minimize or eliminate generation of debris during operations.
UN Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines
(Adobe PDF 1,382.4 kb)
This document describes the guidelines adopted by the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee (STSC) of the United Nations (UN) Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) in February 2007. The guidelines were developed via consensus within the STSC, and the full COPUOS endorsed the guidelines in June 2007, followed by General Assembly endorsement later in 2007. These guidelines are consistent with the U.S. Government Orbital Debris Mitigation Standard Practices and the IADC Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines.
NASA Procedural Requirements for Limiting Orbital Debris - NPR 8715_006A (Adobe
PDF 189 kb)
These NASA requirements became effective in August 2007 and reflect NASA's policy to limit future orbital debris generation. The applicability, authority and references of the requirements and the responsibility within NASA organizations are all clearly stated in the document.
Standard 8719.14 (Adobe PDF
NASA has adopted a policy to control the generation of orbital debris in NASA Procedural Requirements
8715.6A and has implemented this policy in NASA Standard 8719.14. All NASA flight projects are now required to provide
debris assessments and end-of-mission planning as a normal part of the project development.
Handbook for Limiting Orbital Debris – NASA-HDBK 8719.14
This NASA-HDBK serves as a companion to NASA Procedural Requirements (NPR) 8715.6A,
NASA Procedural Requirements for Limiting Orbital Debris and NASA-STD 8719.14, Process for Limiting Orbital Debris and
contains the background and reference materials to aid in understanding the foundation and science for predicting and limiting orbital debris.